How To Guides
The following guides have been gathered over the years and we find they are the questions we get asked everyday at the counter. We would still recommend an experienced contractor carry out your job but the following may just help you if your a keen DIY’er.
Hanging A Single Field GAte
We recommend you have all the items you require and lay out the gate to ensure it will fit. We DO NOT recommend fitting the posts before you have the gate!
Working out square meterage for timber projects.
We are often asked “How much Loglap will I need to my shed?” to answer this question we need to know how much of a square meter each length of log lap will cover. So here is the math…
Our loglap has coverage of 120mm. So type 0.120 into your calculator and times it by the length of the timber in this case our loglap is 5.1m long.
0.120 x 5.1 = 0.61. Each board covers 0.61 of a square meter (So just over half.)
If the wall of your shed is 2.4m long and 2.1m high
2.4 x 2.1 = 5.04 m2
5.04 divided by 0.61=8.2 You will need 8-9 lengths to do the side of the shed.
This same calculation can be used for all timbers and is very handy when working out decking projects too.
Working out timber on square meterage does not allow for waste.
Fitting Cedar Shingles
Cedar shingles come in various grades. Ours are Grade 1 blues. A premium grade shingle suitable for high end roof and wall cladding applications.
There are many tools to help with wire fencing jobs including gripples and crimps but knots are still used everyday by our contractors.
Strainer post should be notched out or a vice bite should be used when fitting the struts. Strainers are normally placed at the start & end of a run. Every 50m, when there is a change in direction or a significant change in ground level.
Intermediate posts should be placed a maximum of 3m apart.
Various tools such as monkey strainers, gripples & netting stretchers can be used in the installation of stock fencing. More information can be found on our fencing tools page.
Working Out Decking
There are lots of ways to price and fit a decked area. But a very basic guide is as follows.
Joist to be placed at 450mm centres. we recommend using 100 x 50mm or 150 x 50mm. Supports should be placed within the deck framework. Normally 75 x 75mm or 100 x 100mm would be used. There are legal limits to raised decked areas.
ALL CUTS NEED TO BE RESEALED WITH OSMOSE END SEAL OR PRESERVER.
Our deck boards have a coverage of 120mm. If your deck in 4m x 2.7m and you want the boards to run the 2.7m length you would do the following.
4000mm (which is 4m in millimetres) divided by 120mm. your calculator will show 33.3. You can’t have 33.3 deck board! So you would required 34no deck boards (closest we have to this example is 3m) to cover this. This doesn't allow for skirting & trimming the deck.
You can also do your workings out based on square meterage. Square meterage does not allow for cutting or waste so consider this when ordering.
Example 4m x 5m deck.
4m x 5m is 20m2
You now need to work out the square meterage of a deck board. You take its width and times it by its length.
0.120 (that's the coverage in mm of our deck boards) x its length so lets say 4.2m. So in this example the deck board is 0.50 (so half) of a square meter.
Finally take the size of your deck in this example is was 20m2 and divide it by the square meterage of your deck board that you have just worked out.
So…. 20 divided by 0.5 equals 40. You will need approximately 40 boards.
Feather Edge Fencing
Our feather edge is 125mm wide. So we recommend an overlap of 25mm. This means you need 10 boards per meter of fence.
For fences over 1.2m you should use 3 or more rails. Post should be placed at either 1.8m 2.1m or 4.8m centres. A top cap and gravel board will help to prolong the life of the fence but it also looks good too.
Post should sit 600mm into the ground and you should use 1-2 bags of postcrete per post to secure.
Our most popular rails for feather edge fencing is 3.6m x 87 x 38mm (for 1.8m post centres) or 4.8m x 100 x 38mm. ( for 2.4m post centres)
Working Out Picket fencing
Take the overall distance of your fence, lets say 10m. 10m is 10,000mm
You choose a picket that is 75mm wide and you decide to have a gap of 50mm between the pickets/pales.
75mm plus 50mm is 125mm
your fence is 10,000mm long remember.so;
10,000 divided by 125mm equals 80. you will need approximately 80 pickets/pales.
For fences over 1.2m you should use 3 or more rails. Post should be placed at either 1.8m 2.1m or 4.8m centres.
Posts should be a minimum of 450mm in the ground and 600mm for fences over 1.2m in height.
Working out venetian fencing
This modern horizontal fencing is easier to work out than you think.
Step 1) Choose the height of your fence and turn this into a mm measurement.
For example - 6ft high (1.8m ) is 1800mm
Step2 ) Choose your baton. Our most popular option is 3.6m x 50 x 25mm smooth (44 x 19mm finish).
Step 3) Choose the gap you would like between the batons. Lets say 10mm for this example
Step 4 ) Add the width of your baton and the gap size together. 44mm +10mm = 54mm
You know you want your fence to be 1800mm high. 1800mm divided by 54mm is 33.3. So this means you will need 33/34 baton for each 3.6m section of fence.
Step 5) Lets say the fence is 12m long. 12m divided by 3.6m (as this is the length of your baton) = 3.3. So you will have three full sections each 3.6m and a shorter section.
Step 6) 3.3 x 34 =112.2 You will need 112/113 batons for the fence.
Step 7) Add an extra baton to place vertically between your posts this will help to keep the horizontal batons aligned.
Step 8) You will need to choose a post to put in every 1.8m (as the baton you have chosen is 3.6m) Remember you need 600mm (2ft) in the ground. If your fence is 1800mm high your post will need to be 2400mm (8ft)
Rear of fence-here you can see the support baton and the construction process.
Tatton Fencing (One of our recommended contractors)